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reports or position statements that sexual orientation change efforts, including <br /> reparative therapy or conversion therapy, are not recommended and may be harmful; <br /> and <br /> WHEREAS, the Pan American Health Organization issued a statement in 2012 <br /> that "[t]hese supposed conversion therapies constitute a violation of the ethical <br /> principles of health care and violate human rights that are protected by international and <br /> regional agreements"; and <br /> WHEREAS, the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration of <br /> the United States Department of Health and Human Services issued a report in 2015 <br /> examining the scientific literature on conversion therapy and concluded that "conversion <br /> therapy—efforts to change an individual's sexual orientation, gender identity or gender <br /> expression—is a practice that is not supported by credible evidence" and that "may put <br /> young people at risk of serious harm"; and <br /> WHEREAS, the City of Miami Beach ("City") has a compelling interest in <br /> protecting the physical and psychological well-being of minors, including lesbian, gay, <br /> bisexual, transgender and questioning youth, and in protecting its minors against <br /> exposure to serious harms caused by sexual orientation and gender identity change <br /> efforts; and <br /> WHEREAS, the City Commission hereby finds that being lesbian, gay, bisexual, <br /> or transgender is not a disease, disorder, illness, deficiency, or shortcoming, and that <br /> research has demonstrated sexual orientation and gender identity change efforts can <br /> pose critical health risks to lesbian, gay, bisexual, or transgender persons; and <br /> WHEREAS, it is the desire of the Miami Beach City Commission to prohibit, <br /> within the geographic boundaries of the City, the use of sexual orientation or gender <br /> identity change efforts with minors, including reparative and conversion therapy, which <br /> have been demonstrated to be harmful to the physical and psychological well-being of <br /> lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender persons. <br /> NOW, THEREFORE, BE IT ORDAINED BY THE MAYOR AND CITY <br /> COMISSION OF THE CITY OF MIAMI BEACH, FLORIDA: <br /> Section 1. That Chapter 70 of the Miami Beach Code is hereby amended to <br /> create Article VII as follows: <br /> CHAPTER 70 <br /> MISCELLANEOUS OFFENSES <br />